TABLE OF CONTENTS
- C-27J Spartan: speed is critical for Canada’s FWSAR
- C-27J Spartan: one platform to replace two old ones
- Rolls-Royce supports RCAF and Canadian industry
- Team Spartan: Supporting Canada by Creating Canadian Jobs
- US Coast Guard accepts ninth C-27J Spartan
- Yes, this pilot really started pulling backflips In a huge C-27J Spartan
- The C-27J Spartan proven in Search And Rescue missions
In the vast reaches of Canada’s SAR (Search and Rescue) Area of Responsibility, Speed is CRITICAL when it comes to saving lives. The ability to quickly locate and accurately deliver well equipped first responders to those in need is often the difference between life and death. That is why Team Spartan’s fully missionized C-27J, being the fastest aircraft in its category (325 Kts vs. 260 of its direct competitor), is the preferred solution for the FWSAR requirement. When compared to its main competitor, over longer missions the significant speed difference assists the C-27J to arrive and respond up to hours before its competitor. For those in the most critical of situations that time difference is vital.
Only the C-27J Spartan have the capability to replace two so different platforms like the CC-115 Buffalo and the CC-130H Hercules in service as FWSAR with the Royal Canadian Air Force, offering at the same time the low speed/high maneuverability/rough fields characteristics of the Buffalo and the speed and long range/endurance of the CC-130H. For example, if a rescue mission is called out at the 51°N 30°W, in the middle of Atlantic and at the extreme of the Canada’s SAR zone, the C-27J can perform the same mission as the CC-130H with comparable radius of action and Total Mission Time (more than 10 hrs). That with a twin engine aircraft vs. a four engine, so much more efficient in terms of acquisition and operational costs; no gaps in the Canada’s SAR capability and no reduction in capacity also at the extreme of the SAR area, mid-Atlantic and Far-North. A mission impossible for the Buffalo or for other twin engine prop aircraft.
With respect to the old CC-115 Buffalo, in missions on the Western mountain regions, there is no match as the C-27J is faster, has a longer range and is pressurized so it can operate in any weather conditions and cruise at higher altitude for much better operational efficiency.
Rolls-Royce is one of the most renowned partners of the Team Spartan. Rolls-Royce has maintained a high technology industrial and manufacturing presence in Canada for nearly 70 years.
Multiple aircraft operated by the Royal Canadian Air Force are powered by Rolls-Royce engines, including the CC-130 (T56) and CC-130J (AE 2100), and the CT-155 Hawk (Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca Adour). The CP-140 (T56) and Bell CH-139 JetRanger (M250) are also powered by Rolls-Royce engines.
Rolls-Royce designed and produces the AE 2100 engines that power the C-27J Spartan Fixed Wing Search and Rescue aircraft. The engines are almost identical to those powering the CC-130J, streamlining repair and overhaul, and reducing cost for the Canadian Government and Royal Canadian Air Force.
Additionally, Rolls-Royce manages manufacturing and business facilities in five Canadian provinces, employing about 1,200 Canadians who are based literally coast to coast.
“Rolls-Royce has supported the Royal Canadian Air Force for decades, and maintains business operations across Canada in multiple business segments. We have high-tech manufacturing and test facilities across the country,” said Bruce Lennie, Rolls-Royce Vice President, Business Development and Government Affairs, who is based in Ottawa.
All of Rolls-Royce’s global business sectors are represented in Canada, including Civil and Defence Aerospace; Naval and Commercial Marine; and Civil Nuclear and Power Systems.
The company maintains a Naval Marine Centre of Excellence in Peterborough, Ontario, and a Program and Sales Management facility in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.
Rolls-Royce has had considerable experience in fulfilling high-value major Industrial Technological Benefits (ITBs) obligations in Canada over many years, through involvement in several major Canadian Defence programs.
Team Spartan is offering a fully missionized C-27J for Canada’s next Fixed-Wing Search and Rescue (FWSAR) fleet. But bringing Canada an advanced aircraft that will put the FWSAR program into the 21st century means much more than that, it means creating many high-paid jobs across Canada and supporting Canadian business.
Team Spartan has built a partnership of Canadian companies that represent experienced, forward-looking and technically advanced companies that will produce world-class search and rescue aircraft and support systems for the fleet for Canada. The program will bring an advanced aircraft platform, mission system and aircrew training program built by Canadians with Canadian technology and Canadian know-how.
Canadian Content and Canadian Jobs
Led by Leonardo Aircraft, General Dynamics Missions Systems-Canada and DRS Technologies Canada, Team Spartan has partnered with companies across the country to build a network of top-tier suppliers, designers, integrators, training developers and maintenance operators. From building a training center in Comox, British Columbia to the initial integration of the missions systems onto the aircraft in Nova Scotia on the Atlantic coast, Team Spartan is ensuring this program is truly Canadian.
Because the new FWSAR program will be a part of Canada’s search and rescue program for many years, it was important for Team Spartan to create a Canadian company that would become the long-term in-service support for the C-27J fleet. General Dynamics Mission Systems-Canada and Leonardo Aircraft developed a joint venture company called Spartan Aviation that will be based in Ottawa, Ontario, and will create additional Canadian jobs by supporting and maintaining the fleet of aircraft.
Canadian High-Technology Leading the Way
Team Spartan all starts with the C-27J aircraft designed and built by Leonardo Aircraft. It is a globally-proven platform considered the best tactical cargo aircraft in its class with the ability to reach the most remote parts of Canada. From there, the aircraft is outfitted nose-to-tail by Canadian workers with Canadian technology.
The heart of the aircraft is the sophisticated mission system that will bring Canada’s Fixed-Wing Search and rescue mission into the 21st century. Designed and built by General Dynamics Mission Systems-Canada, the system will be outfitted with the latest high-tech sensors giving the crew more tools to save more lives.
The aircraft will be upgraded with Canadian-sourced avionics to boost the already nimble and rugged aircraft’s capabilities in the difficult mountainous regions, as well as ensuring rapid and safe transit between long-distance points. The integration of the mission system, avionics and additional advanced sensors will take place in Halifax, Nova Scotia by IMP Aerospace which has a long history of integration work on Canadian military aircraft.
DRS Technologies Canada is overseeing the training systems for Team Spartan. The new training facility will be designed and built in the Victoria Island, at Comox, by Calgary, Alberta-based ATCO Structures and Logistics; the training courseware development will be done in Nova Scotia by Bluedrop Training & Simulation, and the flight and maintenance training simulators will be designed and delivered by Montreal-based TRU Simulation + Training.
Canadian Know-How Inside and Out
Team Spartan’s Canadian partners are located throughout the country. A sampling of those companies include maintenance and overhaul of the fleet for the next 20 years by KF Aerospace, based in Kelowna, British Columbia. Technology companies are providing the flight management system from Esterline CMC Electronics, based in Montreal, Quebec; EO/IR sensor system from L-3 WESCAM in Burlington, Ontario; the Iridium SATCOM system from Flyht Aerospace Solutions of Calgary, Alberta; the bubble windows from Airdyne Technologies with facilities in Calgary; the aircraft AE 2100 engines are designed and produced by Rolls-Royce that manages manufacturing and business facilities in five Canadian provinces, employing about 1,200 Canadians. The engines will be serviced by Winnipeg-based Standard Aero in partnership with Rolls Royce based in Montreal, Quebec.
Team Spartan has built a team of Canadian partners with an emphasis on a well-balanced regional distribution of labor across the country while ensuring the best of Canadian technology plays a significant role inside the aircraft. Team Spartan has made it its mission to not only give Canada the best aircraft for this important mission, but deliver a truly Canadian aircraft.
The US Coast Guard accepted the service’s ninth C-27J Spartan medium range surveillance aircraft at the end of September. The aircraft was flown to the Leading Edge Aviation Services paint facility in Fort Worth, Texas, to be readied for operations with the USCG. The US Coast Guard will have in service 14 C-27Js to be used as Search And Rescue asset. The first aircraft are already operational and already had joint mission with the Canada’s SAR agencies.
When it comes to large planes we usually think that they can’t do aerobatic maneuvers like fighter jets. The C-27J Spartan very much just proved disbelievers wrong. In a clear demonstration of the capabilities of the tactical transport aircraft, big birds can fly with speed, grace, and even backflips.
“The aircraft’s propulsion system allows the C-27J Spartan to access a wide range of airfields, including short, unprepared strips in hot-and-high altitude conditions while transporting heavy loads. The Spartan can perform 3-G tactical airlift operations under severe conditions.”
That propulsion system and the aircraft’s aerodynamics are what sets it apart from other aircraft its size. The ability to maneuver quickly is extremely useful during low level missions for search and rescue over the sea or landing on unprepared, narrow airstrips located in deep valleys in Canada’s mountainous western or northern polar regions.
A C-27J Spartan made a surprise appearance at the Airpower 2016 Airshow in Zeltweg, Austria sending the crowd into disbelief. It gains lift quickly and flips effortlessly hence why it is so useful in combat for quick escapes.
Have a look at the video here:
The C-27J Spartan is worldwide considered as the benchmark in the new-generation, medium multi-mission airlifter category. The C-27J is a twin-engine, turboprop, tactical transport aircraft with state-of-the-art technology in avionics, propulsion and systems. It provides high performance, extreme operating flexibility and cost efficiency and it is the only aircraft in its class capable of interoperability with heavier airlifters.
The C-27J can perform a variety of missions including transport of troops, goods and medicines, logistical re-supply, MEDEVAC, airdrop operations, paratroopers’ launches, ISR/ISTAR, Tactical Support, Search And Rescue (SAR), fire fighting, humanitarian assistance, oil spill relief, and operations in support of homeland security.
The C-27J is equipped with modern avionics and efficient propulsion system (Rolls Royce AE2100-D2A, assuring a 4,650 SHP). The architecture of its avionics system is completely redundant, thus increasing the level of mission security and reliability and permitting operation in any environment condition and in any operational scenario.
The C-27J, thanks to a loading system, perfectly compatible with that of the C-130, can carry pallets weighing up to 4,550 kg and 2.20 metre tall, or platforms with a length of 12 ft, weighing up 6,000 kg.
The C-27J is capable of taking off from and landing on unprepared strips less-than-500 m. long, with maximum take-off weight up to31,800 kg; it may carry up to 60 equipped soldiers or up to 46 paratroopers and, in the air ambulance (MEDEVAC) version, 36 stretchers or 24 stretchers and two Patient Transport Support System (P.T.S.S), with stretchers and stowage provisions for intensive care medical equipment and six medical assistants.
The large cross section (2.60 metre high, 3.33 metre wide) and high floor strength (4,900 kg/m load capability) allow heavy and large military or SAR equipment and mission systems to be loaded.
The C-27J has been designed, developed and tested as a true military aircraft. It has obtained Military Qualification Certificate. At the same time the C-27J is airworthy to civil standards, as witnessed by its certification from the Civil Aviation Authority, EASA in 2001 for the basic configuration and subsequently EASA / FAA in 2010 for the C-27J JCA configuration.
The C-27J has been ordered by the air forces of Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Romania, Morocco, the US, Mexico, Australia, Chad, Peru, Slovak Republic and an undisclosed African customer. In total, 82 airplanes have been ordered. In US the aircraft is in service with the Army and with the US Coast Guard. Guard’s aircraft based in Sacramento, California, started last summer to fly SAR mission to support rescue operations on sea.